The Appendix to the book William Newby -- The Soldier's Return,
pages 266-289, details the contribution of Col. Stephen G. Hicks to the war effort.
Stephen G. Hicks, Colonel, 10 Aug 1861 - 24 Jul 1865, 40th Reg. IL Infantry.
Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the U. S. Army for the years 1861 - 1865, Part VI, Indiana - Illinois, Adjutant General’s Office, August 31, 1865. This book lists every regiment of Cavalry and Infantry from Indiana and Illinois, showing the officers as well as those enlisted men who received the Medal of Honor. Total of 9 volumes in the set, covering all of the states which raised volunteer regiments. Available in the Genealogy Section of the Dallas Public Library.
“...Stephen G. Hicks, who was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Mexican War, served in the
State Legislature with Lincoln and Douglas, and was Colonel of the Fortieth Illinois Infantry.
At the battle of Shiloh he was severely wounded and remained with the regiiment until the
close of the war. His death occurred in 1867.”
Portrait and Biographical Record of Clinton, Washington, Marion, and Jefferson Counties, Illinois: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the Counties, published in 1894 by Chapman Publishing Co., Chicago.
“THE FORTIETH REGIMENT was soon organized, principally from Wayne, Hamilton and Franklin counties, but with enough Jefferson county boys to fill some of the most important offices. Col. S. G. Hicks was made its colonel, John W. Baugh its adjutant, Albion F. Taylor its quartermaster, and S. H. Watson one of its captains, but he was soon placed on the commander's staff. Also several privates from the county helped the Fortieth to be one of the very best regiments in the service. At the battle of Shiloh, while leading the Fortieth in the thickest of the fight Colonel Hicks was wounded and fell from his horse, but he pointed for the regiment to sweep on and he crawled to water, half mile away, and washed his wounds with his own hands. After he recovered, General Sherman put Colonel Hicks in command of Paducah, Kentucky. The rebel General Forrest sent in a demand for the unconditional surrender of the place and Colonel Hicks sent him word he would have to "come and take it." They came and the battle was fierce, while it lasted. The rebel had about twelve hundred killed and wounded, while Hick's force, being protected by the fort, lost only seventeen killed, and a number wounded. Hicks died in 1869, Mrs. Albion Taylor being his surviving child. The Fortieth with forty other Illinois regiments, marched with Sherman to the sea and home again and made an unexcelled record for duty and bravery.”
Wall's History of Jefferson County, John A. Wall, 1909, Illinois. According to Jan 29, 1910, issue of Mt. Vernon Register News, on Apr. 19, 1909, Wall's "History of Jefferson Co." became available.